Unless you are rupture disk (bursting disc) “literate” we recommend you contact our factory-trained sales representatives or the factory for assistance. We will require complete operating conditions the disk will be exposed to in order to recommend the proper rupture disk (bursting disc) design. ZOOK offers “no charge” engineering and technical seminars to educated personnel on rupture disk (bursting disc) technology and disk selection.
In general, most tension-loaded or conventional style disks require a vacuum support to withstand full vacuum. Reverse buckling disks will “withstand” or (resist) full vacuum without the use of a vacuum support. Always consult the factory for specific model number confirmation.
Disks should be specified at the temperature at which the disk will be exposed to when it is required to rupture. ZOOK does elevated temperature testing to ensure the rupture disks (bursting discs) they provide will rupture at the customer’s specified pressure/temperature request.
A temperature shield is a non pressure retaining perforated metal component installed between the disk and the process that can reduce the temperature at the disk as much as 50%. The shield is typically installed between standard flanges as far below the disk as possible and has limited dampening characteristics that can reduce the magnitude of system pressure spikes.
Certainly the condition of the disk and its proper installation may influence disk service life but quite commonly, the disk is being exposed to pressures that exceed the “maximum operating pressure” of the disk. Some disks are designed to be exposed to system pressures no more than 50% of the marked burst pressure of the disk. Others may be exposed to 90% of their marked burst pressure with only negligible metal fatigue. Exposing a disk to pressures in excess of their designed “maximum operating pressure” (expressed as a percent of the marked burst pressure) can dramatically reduce service life. Should you believe you are not getting the service life you need from your rupture disk (bursting disc), we would be pleased for the opportunity to discuss your service environment and perhaps, recommend a disk design that would offer you longer service. Remember that proper installation can also significantly influence disk service life.
We recommend the practices defined by the ASME Code and API. The rupture disk (bursting disc) and the relief valve should be “close coupled” (No intervening spool piece). The disk and relief valve should be set at the same nominal pressures. The cavity between the rupture disk (bursting disc) and the relief valve must be monitored to ensure there is no pressure in the cavity. Since rupture disks (bursting discs) are differential pressure devices, any pressure downstream of the rupture disk (bursting disc) is considered a “back pressure” and will prevent the disk from opening at its marked burst pressure. See specific details on the Code or request assistance from your local ZOOK factory-trained sales representative.
Also called a “compression-loaded” rupture disk (bursting disc), a “reverse-buckling” rupture disk (bursting disc) is one which is installed with the crown of the disk (convex side) facing the system pressure.
Be careful, not all reverse buckling rupture disk (bursting disc) designs are equal; accordingly the user should verify the attributes of the specific disk design to insure it will provide the service life and safety required.
Typically reverse-buckling rupture disks (bursting discs) are significantly more service-durable than forward-acting (tension-loaded) rupture disks (bursting discs). Most have a maximum operating pressure of 90% (can be exposed to system pressure up to 90% of their marked burst pressure). Almost all reverse-buckling rupture disks (bursting discs) are designed for non-fragmentation which makes them most ideally suited for isolation of relief valves from the process environment.
Modern rupture disk (bursting disc) holders are designed with integral pre-torque bolts that allow the disk to be installed in the convenience of the maintenance or instrument shop prior to field installation with the recommended torque load to ensure proper engagement of the “bite” type seal. Once assembled, the device can be installed in the field where the additional load of the companion flange bolting provides for complete functionality of the device.
In addition, pre-torque assemblies allow for the removal of the assembly from the piping system for inspection and reinstallation without disturbing the seal integrity. Fluoropolmer coated bolts are standard to provide corrosion resistance and much lower frictional coefficient.
Yes. Depending upon the style of disk selected, a wide variety of sensors (and sensor monitors!) are available. Additionally, ZOOK manufactures a special “leak detector sensor” to assist in determining if a rupture disk (bursting disc) is leaking due to improper installation, corrosion, or erosion.
Every order is supplied with Installation Instructions for proper installation. In general, the sensor is placed between the outlet flange of the holder and the downstream companion flange. For specific instructions please request the Installation Instructions for the specific product type.
Several answers apply to this question. First, should the rupture disk (bursting disc) protecting a relief valve from the process not rupture from exposure to excess process pressures, the relief valve is maintained in a clean, pristine condition. Valve maintenance costs are, accordingly, dramatically reduced. Second, isolation of relief valves with rupture disks (bursting discs) is environmentally smart. The “bubble tight seal” of a rupture disk (bursting disc) prevents valve leak, seep, weep, and chatter.
When a rupture disk (bursting disc) is used to isolate a relief valve from the process environment, the ASME Code requires the cavity between the rupture disk (bursting disc) and the valve seat to be monitored. Since a rupture disk (bursting disc) is a “differential” pressure relief device, any pressure in the cavity between the rupture disk (bursting disc) and the relief valve seat will act to elevate the burst pressure of the rupture disk (bursting disc). A “tel-tale” assembly is a method to satisfy this Code requirement. Other methods may also be used to fulfill this requirement. (See ASME Code)
NO! Consult ZOOK catalog literature or contact your local factory-trained sales representative for specific service applications for which disks may be used. ZOOK does offer a broad scope of rupture disks (bursting discs) which are suitable to both gas and liquid applications.
Division I, Section VIII of the ASME Code is the portion of the ASME Code which most commonly applies to rupture disk (bursting disk) applications, sizing, selection, and installation for unfired pressure vessels. Other portions of the Code also address rupture disk (bursting disc) use in more diverse applications (such as nuclear applications).
ZOOK does perform testing to confirm flow coefficients of our products to obtain ASME/UD certification from The National Board. Please contact ZOOK sales support for a specific style, size, and specified operating media to determine if a particular disk has UD certification.